People have varying reasons why they engage in cycling. Some do it to get fit, while others do it to get from point A to B.
Depending on your goal, you’ll find many types of bicycles to match these different needs.
The key lies in finding the right bike for your activity choice.
If you were to pick between gravel vs hybrid bike, which would you choose?
Let’s take a closer look at the characteristics of each one so that you can decide which is the better choice.
Gravel vs Hybrid Bike
Gravel and hybrid bikes are the most suitable options when it comes to traversing different terrain types.
Most people believe that these two bicycle varieties are identical.
In reality, though, they have subtle differences that significantly help bikers pick the more suitable choice for their adventures.
Some contrasting characteristics include the bike’s overall design, affordability, and the kind of surfaces it can travel on.
Let’s get into the details to see which type will work best for you.
What Is a Gravel Bike?
A gravel bike is suitable for both on- and off-road cycling, having components similar to mountain and road bikes.
It’s an adventure bike that offers superb comfort even on long-distance rides.
Basically, this light and versatile bicycle make an excellent choice for all types of riders.
It comes in a design that lets you ride different surfaces with complete stability and reliability.
You might even find some riders using this bike for camping excursions.
Like most bike categories, gravel bikes from one brand may have a slight difference from another manufacturer.
Gravel Bike Features
Whatever similarities and differences they may have, gravel bikes have typical features distinct from their category.
Here’s how you can tell a gravel bike from the rest:
- Frame Material
Like other bicycles, gravel bike frames come in different materials, such as aluminum, carbon, or titanium.
These materials are known for their durability and resiliency, capable of carrying additional load during long trips.
Aluminum is an affordable material offering lightness and strength. As such, it’s the perfect choice for a budget-friendly gravel bike.
If you are looking for something lighter than aluminum, look for a gravel bike frame made of carbon.
Then, there are also titanium frames. Apart from their sturdiness and lighter weight, they offer excellent corrosion resistance.
When it comes to geometry, a gravel bike is in-between mountain and road bikes, allowing you to use it for both on- and off-terrain rides.
The overall design focuses more on providing its rider with comfort and endurance.
Gravel bikes have a longer wheelbase and a more relaxed frame and fork angles for added stability during off-road biking.
Plus, its shorter reach and longer head tube provide a more prominent upright riding position than road bikes.
This design offers extra comfort during long rides.
Basically, it allows you to handle off-road declines and other obstacles by shifting your weight throughout the course.
Gearing is another critical component in gravel bikes.
Lower gears are perfect for off-road cycling with steep climbs and tricky trails.
For this reason, you will find that super compact and double chainsets are standard features of gravel bikes.
Mounts are also a typical feature of gravel bikes, used for accessories and other things you might need during the trip.
There are different types of mounts to help you find a match for your intended purpose and needs.
The tires on a gravel bike, especially the size, significantly impact its performance and the kind of terrain you can ride.
A wider tire lets you ride the bike using low pressure, adding more comfort as you cycle through various trails.
Also, all tires have tread patterns for extra grip and traction on uneven and loose surfaces.
Most of these tires are tubeless, which means they don’t have inner tubes, so they don’t get flat.
The frame and fork blades’ design allows you to use large tires but offers ample space as you accumulate dirt and mud during the ride.
Most gravel bike wheels come in two sizes, 650b and 700c, with the latter tagged as the standard option.
Nevertheless, you can use wider tires for smaller-sized wheels for extra traction.
Gravel bikes for off-road cycling typically use smaller wheels with larger tires to get the same feel as the road bike.
- Disc Brakes
Disc brakes offer effective stopping, a crucial factor for gravel bikes traversing different surface conditions.
These brake types are common in modern road and gravel bikes.
The hydraulic disc brakes initially used in drop-bar gear shifters popularized gravel bicycles.
- Additional Features
Handlebars are another essential element of all types of bikes that can significantly impact their performance.
The most common style you will see in a gravel bike is the flare-out drop bars.
This handlebar style can help improve your handling and control of the bike while off-road.
You can expect it to give you extra leverage and stability as you descend fast.
Borrowed from mountain bikes, the dropper seat post is usually found in gravel bikes with higher specs.
It allows the rider to raise or lower the seat to handle rough or steep drop-offs better.
What Is a Hybrid Bike?
A hybrid bike’s design is similar to a gravel bicycle in that they are both inspired by mountain and road bikes.
It comes with a flat and straight handlebar identical to a mountain bike, vital in handling corners and stopping its motion.
The comfortable riding experience of a hybrid bike is due to the wide tires resembling that of a road bike.
Hybrid bikes are suited for general purpose riding, making them famous among commuters, new cyclists, teenagers, students, and more.
You can ride faster on hybrid bikes while sitting in an upright and comfortable position as you pedal through flat or rough surfaces.
Also, this bicycle type is popular among commuters for its excellent performance on shorter distances and paved roads.
Hybrid Bike Features
Let’s take a closer look at what makes hybrid bikes different from gravel bikes.
- Frame Materials
Most hybrid bikes come with an aluminum frame. It offers lightness and durability you will not find in other materials.
However, you may also find some hybrid bike frames made of steel.
Steel frames may be heavier than aluminum, but they offer strength and flexibility for a more comfortable and smoother ride.
Carbon fiber is another bike frame material that is more durable than steel and even lighter than aluminum.
However, you can only find them in high-end bikes because of their high price point.
Some manufacturers only use carbon fiber on some bike parts to make it more affordable for their consumers.
Most hybrid bikes use derailleur gears equipped with mechanisms moving the chain on the back wheel.
However, these gears are light and prone to damage. For this reason, some manufacturers designed an enclosure to protect them.
The gear controls are strategically placed on the straight handlebars, making it easier for the rider to reach for it and maneuver.
Technically, bikes come with a variety of gears.
When choosing yours, consider the type of terrain you usually ride in and your physical fitness level.
If you feel challenged when riding hills and steep terrains, you will need more gears.
On the other hand, strong cyclists can opt for fewer gears or only cycling on flat surfaces.
Hybrid and mountain bikes use the same brakes, choosing between disc or V-brakes, depending on the rider’s preference.
Most hybrid bikes come with rim brakes fitted with pads that grip the wheel rims to stop them from turning.
Rim brakes are more economical and easier to maintain. Still, they can slowly wear out the wheel rim, which may need replacement in time.
Additionally, this brake type has less stopping power, especially in muddy or wet conditions.
As such, it may require extra effort on the levers to be more effective.
Disc brakes are another type used in hybrid bikes. It comes with pads gripping the rotor attached to the wheel hub.
This brake type comes in two varieties.
The hydraulic kind provides stronger braking powers with less effort while adjusting automatically to prevent brake pad wear.
On the other hand, the mechanical disc brakes require manual adjustments to prevent the pads from wear and tear.
Hybrid bikes use a similar wheel size to what road bikes have, usually from 35 to 45 millimeters.
The slimmer design of the tires allows them to move faster on flat surfaces.
Also, this bike type has more clearance, allowing you to choose your preferred tire size.
Some riders opt for a more comprehensive option for off-road biking.
Although manufacturers promote hybrid bikes as the type of bicycle that can tackle all kinds of terrains, they perform better on paved roads.
Most hybrid bikes use 700c as their standard wheel size.
Nevertheless, some riders prefer a smaller variety measuring 26 inches in diameter.
- Bike Suspension
Most hybrid bikes don’t have suspension, but front suspension forks are typically included in urban bikes.
This additional suspension helps absorb the force placed on the front wheel as you cycle on rough streets.
- Handlebar Shape
Most hybrid bikes have a seat below the handlebar for a more comfortable biking experience.
Flat handlebars are the most common type used for hybrid bikes.
Though they are heavier, they allow you to see the road and possible hazards better.
The second most common handlebar for hybrid bikes is a riser bar with a back and slightly upward design.
Riser handlebars let the rider sit farther back in a more upright position and see the trail ahead while having more steering control of the bike.
Which One Is Better for You?
Though gravel vs hybrid bikes got their design inspiration from mountain and road bikes, they are built differently and for different purposes.
Gravel bikes are great for different terrains, while hybrids are your perfect ride for paved roads.
If you are into adventurous rides on uneven surfaces, gravel bikes are for you. However, if you only need a ride for commuting, opt for hybrids.